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How the term appeared

Remote server – what does this definition mean? It came about thanks to Microsoft, which began using the tool when accessing Windows NT’s built-in remote access tools. RAS is just one of the services that is available in the environment of this OS. To avoid running Windows NT on every client, they connect to the remote server using TCP / IP, IPX, and NBF.

Now this term is called a powerful server, which is geographically taken out of the company and is needed for teamwork of employees.

Basic use cases

Remote server – what is it for?

The most common use case looks like this: it hosts a database and is accessed by a large number of users. They do this from anywhere in the world, from home or on a local corporate network. Access is via the Internet, and only its speed, and not the territorial location of the server, affects how convenient it is to work with information posted there.

Another popular option is when the company has several geographically distributed offices or remote (home-based) employees. Internet service providers also use remote servers.

Operating modes

Remote Access Server in the cloud supports two modes of operation:

Remote network access. The classic case described in the examples above is when remote clients connect to the server as if it were on the same local network with them. Here the server works just like any other computer on the corporate network.

Remote control. Clients remotely control the operation of the server (also called a terminal server).

Let’s consider how the remote access server interacts with devices connected to it – workstations. Users launch client access applications on the PC and thereby start a connection to the server. For his part, he verifies the authenticity of users, and after verification denies or allows access. It also maintains a communication session for the entire duration of the connection – until it is interrupted by a user or network administrator.

Distinguish in between the ideas of “remote control” and “remote access”. In the first, deal with a software router that supports various network protocols. In the second, a solution that implements tools for sharing a screen, pointing device, and keyboard through a remote connection.

In the case of a remote access server (for example, it might be running the latest version of Windows), it will accept dial-up connections and send data packets between clients on the same network to which they are all connected.

How the connection is organized

The standard way to connect to a remote server is to use the Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP). Microsoft made a huge contribution to its popularization, it recommends it for organizing remote work between the server and users who connect from terminal machines. Clients for this protocol have long been developed for all versions of the Windows operating system, including mobile, as well as for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, iOS and Google Android. In recent versions of Windows, it comes with the name mstsc.exe.

How do you access a desktop on a remote server that is on the Internet?

To do this, Microsoft has developed a remote desktop functionality. To enter it, follow the following sequence of actions: Buy RDP, “Start” – “Run” – enter mstsc – “Enter”. Next, you need to enter the IP address of the server and click Connect. If the connection is successful, you will see a Windows login prompt.